Andrew Adjah Sai


Andrew Adjah Sai

Visiting lecturer, Research Fellow at the Centre for Free Economic Thougt
Additional info

Andrew Adjah Sai is a PhD candidate and lecturer at the Estonian Business School. He is a management specialist and professional Management Accountant. He comes from Ghana. Andrew worked previously at the National Audit Office of Ghana as Senior Auditor for over five years and now works for Microsoft as Operations Analyst. Andrew obtained his training and education in Ghana, India and United Kingdom. Andrew has also worked on several projects including an agribusiness state-wide project in Ghana.

Research interests

Strategic management, change management, business information systems management, finance and accounting, human resource management


Abstract of PhD project

Change, in whatever form or structure is occurring in Estonia. "e-Estonia" is the term commonly used to describe Estonia's emergence as one of the most advanced e-societies in the world – an incredible success story. The story two decades ago was, to a large extent, far removed from the current state and has been put forth succinctly by scholars. Such a phenomenal technological transition is worth delving into and elucidating. Explaining how and why organizations change has been a central and enduring quest of scholars in management and many other disciplines. The processes or sequences of events that unfold in these changes—such as transitions in individuals' jobs and careers, group formation and development, and organizational innovation, growth, reorganization, and decline—have been very difficult to explain, let alone manage. To understand how organizations change, management scholars have borrowed many concepts, metaphors, and theories from other disciplines, ranging from child development to evolutionary biology. These concepts include punctuated equilibrium, stages of growth, processes of decay and death, population ecology, functional models of change and development, and chaos theory, among others. This variation has created a theoretical pluralism that has uncovered novel ways to explain some organizational change and developmental processes. However, the diversity of theories and concepts borrowed from different disciplines often encourages compartmentalization of perspectives that do not enrich each other and produce isolated lines of research. This PhD project is focused on testing theories and models on change management using as a case, the very successful technological reform that has taken place in Estonia - from a low grade technological society towards a highly modern and digital information society - e-Estonia, which is still developing. It is simply an attempt to explain the change that has taken place.